Gen: Sir William Cole, Provost of Fermanagh (95.html)

Table of Contents
Introduction
Sir William Cole (1575?-1653)
Biography of Sir William Cole, Provost of Fermanagh, Enniskillen, Ireland
Sir William Cole's Narrow Escape in 1641
The McCaffrey Clan and Self-Rule for Ireland
Sir William Willoughby Cole (1736-1803), 1st Earl of Enniskillen, Ireland
Partial Name Index for pp 1-10 of the book: Coles of Devon
More about the book: Coles of Devon
Descendancy
Cole Family Lineage (on Facebook)
Cole Patriots
DNA of Coles
Images of Pages
External References (Sources)

Introduction
This ancient member of the Cole family may or may not be one of my direct paternal ancestors. One day DNA evidence might answer this question. Probably the relationship will not be discovered during my lifetime. Some foreigners changed their name to Cole after they arrived in England. Many other people named Cole were contemporaries of Sir William Cole. If one of these people is my ancestor, then my relationship to Sir William Cole (c1585-1653) would be much more indirect, if any. I have tried to accumulate most of my information relating to Sir William Cole here in this article and in the various Sources listed at the end of it. To the right of the image of Sir William Cole is a map of Ireland that shows the location of the county of Fermanagh. The SouthWest boundary of Fermanagh is the River Erne. The map also shows that Fermanagh is in the SouthWest corner of Northern Ireland. The village of Maguiresbridge is named after the bridge over the Colebroooke River, first built by the local Maguire family about 1760. Two of the main clans in this area were the Magruires and the McCaffreys. Around 1302, the McCaffreys lived in the area called BallymcCaffrey, which is roughly the area outlined in lime green in the rightmost image shown below.

Sir William Cole (1585-1653), Provost of Fermanagh, Enneskillen, Ireland
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thumb: Sir William Cole of Fermanagh
Sir William Cole of Fermanagh
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thumb: Fermanagh County
Fermanagh County
(Click on this photo to enlarge it.)
thumb: Ballymacaffrey
Ballymacaffrey



Sir William Cole of Fermanagh (c1585-1653) , was the Provost of Enneskillen when the rebellion started in 1643 (Source 12). He was also a supporter of the schools (Source 13) under King James. He was handsomly rewarded for his support of the Kings of England. He was responsible for the rise of the Cole family in Enneskillen in Ireland. He married Catherine Parsons and then married Susan Croft.

Sir William Cole of Fermanagh (c1585-1653) was the subject of a roll (a type of book) written in 1630 by Sir William Segar, Knight, alias Garter. The roll was a family tree describing the lineage or pedigree of Sir William Cole (c1585-1653) , the great grandfather of John Cole of Florence-court (1680-1726). James Edwin Cole (1835-1920) writes in the preface to his book (see Sources 1, 2 and 3):
Wm Willoughby, the 1st Visct. Enniskillen, reduced it into a narrative form for the Rev. Mervyn Archball's edition of John Lodge's "Irish Peerage" (8th London, 1789); and his lordship's system and phraseology are here freely made use of, as they were also though without acknowledgment, in Playfair's "British Family Antiquity" (fo. Lond. 1810). Since then, however, it has been, so far as relates to the noble line of Enniskillen, extended down to the present time, and attested under the seals of their office by Sir Wm. Betham, and Sir J. Bernard Burke, Ulster Kings at Arms.
This roll was updated and expanded to include many memorial inscriptions and was published as a separate book (probably for the first time) in 1879. In 1879, it was privately published by Sir William Betham and Sir J. Bernard Burke. Another member of this expanded Cole family, James Edwin Cole (1835-1920) began with the text version of Segar's family tree diagram and updated the information to 1867. He published this updated information in a book named "Coles of Devon..." in 1867.

A brief history of the Maguire clan in Fermanagh is presented in Source 30 in point form. It is a brief summary of Source 25 and covers the period from 1264 to 1922, ending when Ireland was officially created as a separate country from England. It mentions a Brian Maguire who warned Sir William Cole about an impending rebellion. This information permitted Sir William Cole to take precautionary actions that were very important for the King of England.

The Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (Source 19) says the following about Sir William Cole of Fermanagh (1575?-1653):

Sir William Cole (1575?-1653)
The first member of the Cole family to come to Ireland was William Cole, a professional soldier born in London but belonging to the Cole family of Slade in Devonshire who descended (or who, on the evidence of a magnificently emblazoned pedigree in the archive, could plausibly claim to descend) from an ancient Conquest family. Having first served in the Low Countries, he came to Ireland to try his fortune in 1601, and served under Sir George Carew, Lord President of Munster. In 1607 he was appointed Captain of the Longboats and Barges at Ballyshannon and Lough Erne. His future was, however, uncertain until the Flight of the Earls and, particularly, that of Cuchonnacht Maguire of Enniskillen. In 1609, Cole was made Constable or Governor of Enniskillen. He was knighted in 1617.

He became one of the principal promoters and implementors of the Plantation in Co. Fermanagh, receiving extensive grants of land in and around Enniskillen in 1610- 1612 and acquiring more by purchase. When Enniskillen was incorporated as a parliamentary borough in 1613 he became its first Provost. At this stage, Enniskillen was seen as very much the county town of Fermanagh, and its original corporation included other influential settlers (mostly English) like Cole. But in the period 1611- 1623, Cole obtained leases or grants, on increasingly advantageous terms, of the two-thirds of the island of Enniskillen which went with the castle and the one-third which was intended as an endowment of the town. The building of the town was largely a Cole initiative (there were only an estimated 180 inhabitants in c.1630). Soon, Enniskillen became what a parliamentary reformer of 1790 called 'the private property of the Earl of Enniskillen, and the [provost and] twelve burgesses, its sole electors, . .. the confidential trustees of his appointment'.

'A brave, forward and prudent gentleman'
According to Pynnar's highly critical survey in 1619 of the practical operation of the Plantation, Cole was not wholly rigorous in the observance of the terms of his grants, particularly in the matter of administering the oath of supremacy to his tenants; but he was praised in 1622 for enforcing on his tenants at Portora the prohibition against sub-letting to the Irish. Re-grants were made to him at subsequent dates re- emphasising some of his obligations, permitting some leasing to the Irish, and doubling the rents payable by him to the crown. In general, he seems to have been more scrupulous than most Plantation patentees. Later, he was described by a contemporary as 'a brave, forward and prudent gentleman'. He was elected MP for Co. Fermanagh in 1634 and again in 1639. In 1641 he had a narrow escape from a treacherous death on the outbreak of the rising. He raised a regiment and fought at its head (in spite of advancing years) in the confused wars of the 1640s, espousing the Parliamentarian cause and successfully defending Enniskillen against the Maguires. He died in 1653.

Biography of Sir William Cole, Provost of Fermanagh, Enniskillen, Ireland

Richard Hodgson in his database named "ancestorsearch" on WorldConnect writes:

Settled in co Fermanagh, Ireland early in reign of James I.
Came from Cole family of Slade, Devon.
Raised a regiment against the rebels in 1643, which he commanded with success
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Also married Susannah, dau and heiress of John Croft of Lancashire. (No mention of any issue)
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Captain William Cole, a Londoner who had served with the crown forces in Ireland since 1600 and had been appointed captain of boats and barks at Ballyshannon in 1603, played an important role in the 17th century history of Enniskillen Castle. He was destined to become the key player in the development of the new town of Enniskillen and was knighted in Dublin in 1617. Sir William Cole (1576-1653) was given a lease of the crown lands of Enniskillen Castle and two thirds of the adjoining island, and in 1612 was allocated 320 acres for the new town, including the remaining third of the island. In the following year Enniskillen received its charter and the right to return two members to parliaments. Cole became the town?s first provost. Cole?s career began to improve in 1607 when his duties were extended to include responsibility for the long boats and barges on Lough Erne as well as those at Ballyshannon. Two years later he succeeded Edmond Ellis as constable of Enniskillen Castle, and was given the job of extending the accommodation at the castle which at the time housed only ten warders. In 1608 Sir Josias Bodley had described the castle as ?broken?, so this too had to be repaired. By 1611, according to a report by Sir George Carew, Cole had begun to build a ?fair house on the foundation of the old castle? and had completed the turreted building now known as the Watergate. For his work on the castle between 1609 and 1613 Cole was paid £400. http://www.enniskillencastle.co.uk
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Having first served in the Low Countries, he came to Ireland to try his fortune in 1601, and served under Sir George Carew, Lord President of Munster. In 1607 he was appointed Captain of the Longboats and Barges at Ballyshannon and Lough Erne. His future was, however, uncertain until the Flight of the Earls and, particularly, that of Cuchonnacht Maguire of Enniskillen. In 1609, Cole was made Constable or Governor of Enniskillen. He was knighted in 1617.
He became one of the principal promoters and implementers of the Plantation in County Fermanagh, receiving extensive grants of land in and around Enniskillen in 1610-12 and acquiring more by purchase. When Enniskillen was incorporated as a parliamentary borough in 1613 he became its first Provost. At this stage, Enniskillen was seen as very much the county town of Fermanagh, and its original corporation included other influential settlers (mostly English) like Cole. But in the period 1611-23, Cole obtained leases or grants, on increasingly advantageous terms, of the two-thirds of the island of Enniskillen which went with the castle and the one-third which was intended as an endowment of the town. The building of the town was largely a Cole initiative (there were only an estimated 180 inhabitants in 1630).
His Source:(http://lordbelmontinnorthernireland.blogspot.com/2010/01/florence-court-estate.html)

Sir William Cole's Narrow Escape in 1641

Sir William Cole had (with others) a narrow escape of his life during the Rebellion of 1641. The following account of it is derived from the present Lord Enniskillen's recollection of the story, as told to him by an old Mr. Johnston, who was the last of his race, — whose family formerly pos- sessed property about Ederney, near the scene of the incident, — and whose ancestor was one of those who escaped on the occasion.

In the year 1641, Sir William Cole and a great number of the Protestant gentry of the county Fermanagh, were invited to dine with Colonel Rory M'Guire, who resided at Crevinish Castle, in the barony of Lurg, in the said County. The Castle was situated at the end of a straight avenue, the road being paved, and broad grass plots on each side of it. As Sir William Cole dismounted from his horse, at the entrance, a man — I think named Coughlin — who was in some way previously connected with his family, took his horse, and, whilst doing so, whispered in his ear, `Your horse will be ready in ten minutes.` This as you may suppose, in those times, was a sufficient warning for a man to be on his guard ; consequently, shortly after the party sat down to dinner, Sir William rose to go out of the room. The host said to him, ` I hope you are not going away. Sir William ` — or some such words as those. Sir William's answer, was ` 1 am obliged to retire for a short time ; but you see I am not going, as 1 leave my hat and sword in the window.` He went to the door where he found Coughlin with two horses saddled. They both mounted and galloped off, their escape not being discovered, as they rode on the green sward by the side of the avenue. The remainder of the Protestant gentry, when they found that Sir William did not return, became alarmed, rose up in a body, and made their escape. They were too strong a party to be interfered with.

" Sir William Cole and Coughlin, rode direct to Enniskillen, where the latter gave a full account of the intended rising ; Sir William sent it off immediately to the Castle in Dublin, where it was the first intimation received on the subject.

"The plan of M'Guire, and the other rebels at Crevinish was, to fall upon the party after dinner, when they had drunk plenty of wine, and massacre them all.

` An extract from the Phillips MS. respecting; the Cole family will be fonnd in connexion with the Memoir of John Cole, M.P., on pp. 50, 51, further on it Now the property of the Trustees of the Vanghan's Charity.
According to History, Sir William Cole's express to Dublin
Oastley? was delayed on the road, which was most unfortonate."
-end-v Source: https://archive.org/stream/parliamentaryme00belmgoog/parliamentaryme00belmgoog_djvu.txt

The McCaffrey Clan and Self-Rule for Ireland

Source 25 is a lengthy article written by a McCaffrey descendant describing the evolution of Northern Ireland, especially the county of Fermanagh in Enniskillen. His article begins in 1264 when various clans including the Mccaffreys and the Maguire families were very powerful. A chronological outline of events is also available in Source 25. This source is included here because it describes the incident when Brian Maguire notifies Provost William Cole of an impending rebellion known as `The Rebellion of 1641`. The following quotation is from Source 25.
Also that it was Brian Maguire of Tempo House who gave the warning to Sir William Cole and other gentlemen at Crevenish, as to the Rebellion.
Other articles describe this incident in more detail. Some say that the subsequent actions of Sir William Cole led to the growth and power of the Cole family in Ireland for centuries. However, instead of praising Brian Maguire, Brian Maguire is later tried and in 1645 found guilty of killing many protestants in Northern Ireland. Strange? In Google Book: M5CgAAQBAJ, The 1641 Depositions and the Irish Rebellion, we read about the trial of Brian Maguire and his subsequent execution beginning around page 155. On page 178, it is curious that mention is made of Conor Maguire, instead of Brian Maguire.

Sir William Willoughby Cole (1736-1803), 1st Earl of Enniskillen, Ireland


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thumb: Sir William Cole of Enniskillen
Sir William Cole of Enniskillen
Sir William Willoughby Cole, 1st Earl of Enniskillen, was a very prominent member of society in Enneskillen, Ireland. He was the son of John of Florence-Court COLE (1709-1767) and Elizabeth MONTGOMERY who died in 1771. William Willough Cole was the grandson of John of Florence-court COLE (1680-1726) and Florence WREY. On 3 Nov 1763, William Willoughby Cole married Anne Lowry-Corry. Their oldest child was John Willoughby Cole who was born 23 Mar 1768. Their second oldest child was Galbraith Lowry Cole who was born 1 May 1772.

Partial Name Index for pp 1-10 of the book: Coles of Devon

To see the partial name index, click Here and scroll down.

More about the book: Coles of Devon

Sir William Cole (1575?-1653) was the first son of Emanuel Cole (c1546-?). Emanuel Cole married Margaret Ingram who bore 2 children, a son William Cole (1575?-1653) and a daughter Margaret Cole. William Segar compiled and created a roll, Source 7, which listed the pedigree of Sir William Cole (1575?-1653) in family tree format. In 1889, Segar's roll was updated and enhanced by the addition of many memorial inscriptions. The results were privately published in the book, Source 7, whose page images are contained in the pdf file in Source 7.

In 1867, James Edwin Cole (1835-1920), converted Segar's pedigree roll into a manuscript presented as Source 1. He added generation numbers (ie decendancy count from William Cole (1227-). For example Thomas Cole of London (c1495-1571) is the 11th descendant of the oldest recorded William Cole (1227-?). James Edwin Cole also brought the pedigree up to date as of 1867 by adding many more descendants. Within the past 10 years (prior to 2015), Google converted this book into text using an Optical Character Recognitiion (OCR) technique. Unfortunately many text conversion errors occurred. For example, throughout the converted document, the name Richard appeared as Eichard. The author (David Cole) proof-read and corrected most of these errors. The resulting corrected text files [pdf file(Source 2) and rtf file (Source 3)] are available. It is possible to search for any given phrase(s) in both text files. In addition to that, the most important Cole ancestors in the book have been converted to the well-known GEDCOM (Source 20) genealogy document format. This GEDCOM has been uploaded to the web at the WorldConnect site as database named "ColesOfDevon" in Source 21.

Much of the updated family tree appearing in the book, Coles Of Devon . . . , has also been entered into the world-wide family tree at the LDS FamilySearch site (in Source 22). The FamilySearch person-id for Thomas Cole of London (c1495-1571) is LDRP-TB6 . A view of his family tree at FamilySearch is shown below:

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thumb: Thomas Cole of London (1494-1571)
Thomas Cole of London (1494-1571)
[Editors Note: The person in the top left corner, named Emmanuel Cole (1520-1600) is the father of Sir William Cole of Fermanagh (1585-1653). But the wife of Emmanuel Cole shown in this image is erroneously said to be Susan Bale (1570-1600). Source 2 and Source 7 state that the wife of Emmanuel Cole is Margaret Ingram , the mother of Sir William Cole of Fermanagh (1585-1653).]

Cole Family Lineage (on Facebook)

as of 2015 J Oct 12
	Cole Family Lineage 0935 - 1693
	
Facebook (Source 23) proclaims the following lineage of the Cole family:

In the many descendants of the name of Cole, and its variations, we have the descendants of his three children, part of who come from Wales. It has been said that Old King Cole and Leofric Cole, Earl of Mercia, who was married to Lady Godgifu (Lady Godiva) is in our linage, however I have not been able to positively connect them yet. Skipping four centuries, we come to the great Justice Cole in the time of Alfred the Great; and a little later General Cole, famous because of his defeat of Sweyne, savage chief¬tain of the Danes, at Pinhoe, in 1001, fighting with the com¬bined forces of Devon, Somerset and Dorset under his command. Although records of Cole (Coel) were later obscured by his¬tory, their descendants were known to be of high antiquity and rank among the magnates of Saxon times, attested by Domes¬day Book, and later in the deed of King William the Conqueror given in 1070, written in the Saxon tongue, which was not translated into English until Elizabeth's reign, 1587. It remains in the custody of the Bishop of Winchester. Among the half dozen families of prominence in England greeted by name in the document were the Coles. They are spoken of as peers in the time of Edward the Confessor. We find Sir Richard Cole, Earle of the Isle of Wight in the time of Edward III., and the various branches of the family in possession of immense estates in Devon, Wiltshire, Cornwall, Somerset, Hampshire and Lincolnshire. So prominent were they in the battles to preserve England in those days that they have in their possession at the present time thirty crests and coats of arms with many titles. "This Deed of King William the Conquerors was written in the Saxon tongue about 1070 and was put into English in 1587. It remains in the Bishop of Winchesters custody today. William King greets Walkeselein Bishop and Hugan de Port, and Edward Knight, Steward and Algesime, and Symon and Allfus Porveiour, and Cole, & Arderne and all the Barons in Hampshire, and Wiltshire friendly, And know ye that I give unto St. Peter and Walchelyne Bishop with all the Covent to be as free as Bishop Alsyme was in the days of King Edwards and to hold and enjoy all the priviledges great and small. And I give commandment that all man for me or any other withstand or deny them the same, or disquiet that which I do grant in any wise unto St Peter or Aacholyne Bishop or any of his Successors. This is in the Inspeximus Charters of Confirmacons made to Richard Fox and Peter Courtney Bishops of Winchester, as they are enrolled in the Chauncery 30 Janu. 2 H. 8 and 13 Novem. 4 H. 8. Authorities: Morant's Colchester; Baleus; Lewis; John Rous; Carte; Geoffrey of Monmouth; Warrington; Hume; Ramsay; Carew's Survey of Cornwall; Hoffman's Universal Lexicon; Gibbon; Butler; Platina; Vie de Constantine; Caesar's Writings; Leigh's Choice Observations; Rowland's Mona Antiqua; Harding; Kennet; Baronius; Polydore; and Virgil.

[Editor's Note: Based upon Source 2 and Source 7, Emmanuel Cole (c1546-?) M. Margaret INGRAM was added to Generation 18 of this Descendancy Chart. Emmanuel was the son of Thomas COLE (c1495-1571) and Elizabeth HARGRAVE (c1470-?). It is impossible for Elizabeth HARGRAVE to have been born c1470; a more plausible date of birth would be c1505. Emmanuel was the father of Sir William Cole of Fermanagh (c1585-1653).]
	
Generations of Cole GENERATION 1 JUSTICE COLE – B 0935 England D (?) England M Spouse unknown Children of Justice Cole General Cole B 0980 England M Spouse unknown GENERATION 2 GENERAL COLE – B 0980 England D (?) England M Spouse unknown Children of General Cole William Cole – Knight B 1040 Hempshire, England D (?) 1070
Additional Information; General Cole was famous for his defeat of the Sweyne, Chieftain of the Danes at Pinhoe in 1001. Devon, Somerset and Dorset combined forces and were lead by General Cole.
GENERATION 3
KNIGHT WILLIAM COLE – B 1040 Hempshire, England D 1070 Hutensleigh, Devonshire, England 
M Spouse unknown
Children of William Cole; 
Knight William Cole II B 1065 Cornwall, Devon, England

GENERATION 4
KNIGHT WILLIAM COLE II B 1065 Cornwall, Devon, England D 1100 Hutensleigh, Devon, England
M Spouse unknown
Children of William Cole II
Knight William Cole III B 1096

GENERATION 5
KNIGHT WILLIAM III B 1096 Hutensleigh, Devon, England D 1165 Hutensleigh, Devon, England
M Spouse unknown
Children of William Cole III
Baron William Cole B 1140 Hampshire, England

GENERATION 6
BARON WILLIAM COLE B. 1140, Hampshire, England; D. 1180, England. M. Spouse unknown.
Children of Baron Cole:
William Cole B. 1160, Cornwall, England
Additional information on BARON COLE:
Baron William Cole was a Saxon Lord in Devonshire, England.
GENERATION 7
WILLIAM COLE B. 1160, Cornwall, England; D. 1243, Hutenesleigh, Devonshire, England; M. abt. 1185, YSABELLA ??, B. abt. 1160 D. after 1201, Cornwall, England. Children of William and Ysabella:
Roger Cole. B 1185, Hutensleigh, Devonshire, England

GENERATION 8
ROGER COLE B 1185, Hutensleigh, Devonshire, England; D. 1273 Coleton, Devonshire, England;
M 1210 Spouse unknown
Children of Roger Cole:
William Cole B. 1210, Hutensleigh, Devonshire, England.
Richard Cole B. 1212, Hutensleigh, Devonshire, England.

GENERATION 9
WILLIAM COLE B. 1210, Hutensleigh, Devonshire, England; D. 1245, Hutensleigh, Devonshire, England; M. Spouse unknown.
Children of William Cole:
Sir Roger Cole B. 1235, Hutensleigh, Devonshire, England.

GENERATION 10
SIR. ROGER COLE B. 1235, Hutensleigh, Devonshire, England; D. 1302, Coleton, Chumleigh, Devonshire, England; M. 1280, Spouse unknown.
Children of Sir Roger Cole:
William Cole B. 1280 D. 1301, Scotland; m. 1300, spouse unknown.
Roger Cole II B. 1285, Coleton, England
Sir Roger Cole owned property at Coleton, Devon, England, and Hantesford, Devon, England

GENERATION 11
ROGER COLE II. B. 1285, Coleton, England; D. 1350, Coleton, England; M. 1305, Spouse unknown.
Children of ROGER COLE II.
Sir John Cole B. 1300, Devonshire, England.
Roger owned property at Coleton, Devon, England

GENERATION 12
SIR. JOHN COLE B. 1300, Devonshire, England; D. after 1341, Tamar, Devon, England;
M. Spouse unknown.
Children of Sir John Cole
Sir John Cole II B. 1331, Nythway, Devonshire, England

More information on SIR. JOHN COLE:
SIR. JOHN COLE was known as JOHN COLE de Tamer, Men-at-Arms. He attended the Great Council at Westminster 1341.
He was owner of Manors in both Devon and Cornwall.
John owned property at Hittesleigh, Nythway, Tamar and Uptamer, Devon, England,. He also owned property at Respnel, Cornwall, England.

GENERATION 13
SIR. JOHN COLE II B. 1331, Nythway, Devonshire, England; D. 1380, Devonshire, England; Parish of Brixhano; M. 1356, ANNA BODRUGAN, B. 1337, England.
Children of Sir John Cole II. and Anna Cole:
Sir William Cole B. 1357 Devonshire, England

More Information on SIR JOHN COLE II:
SIR. John Cole was a knight of Nythway, where he owned property. Son and heir of SIR JOHN COLE Knight of Nytheway. Knighted on July 25th, 1380 before the Castle of Ardres in France by the Earl of Buckingham, Thomas of Woodstock, who was there for the King Richard II.

Sir John Cole II married Anne Brodrugan, the daughter and heiress of Sir Nicholas Brodrugan, Knight. 3rd son of Sir Henry Brodrugan, Knight, and Isabell, daughter of William Wallesborow, in descent from Sir Otto Brodrugan and heire of Henry Bodrugan, Knight, died 1309 seized of the Manor of Tregerien in Cornwall.

GENERATION 14
SIR WILLIAM COLE B. 1357, Devonshire, England; D. 1415 Devonshire, England; M. 1382, England, MARGARET BEAUPELL; B. 1361; daughter of Sir Henry Beaupell, Knight Children of Sir William and Margaret Cole:
Sir John Cole B. 1383, Devonshire, England.

More Information on SIR. WILLIAM COLE:
SIR. WILLIAM COLE known as SIR. WILLIAM COLE of Tamar, Knight. William owned property at Nythway, Devon, England

GENERATION 15
SIR. JOHN COLE B. 1383; Devonshire, England; D. ?? M. 1408, AGNES FATZWARE, daughter of Sir Fatzware, Knight
Children of Sir John Cole. and Agnes Cole:
Sir Adam Cole B. 1409; M Two times, Names unknown
John Cole II B. 1411
William Cole B. 1413; M. 1438, Unknown
Robert Cole B. 1415

More Information on SIR. JOHN COLE I.:
SIR. JOHN COLE I. known as JOHN COLE, Knight of Agincourt.
In 1415 John Cole served directly under the King Henry V. of England in the Battle of The Hundred Years War. PLAC Battle of Agincourt, Sir John Cole, knight, was in the Retynew of the Duke of Gloucester, at the Battle of Agincourt on Friday, the XXVth day of October in the year of our Lord God, 1415, and in the Third year of the Reign of the most Excellent King Henry V." and it is probable that he received his spurs for his conduct on that glorious field. Sir John Cole owned property at Nythway, Devon, England

GENERATION 16-A
JOHN COLE II B. 1411, Devonshire, England; D. ??; M. 1436, Slade Devonshire, England, JANET MERIOT; B. June 1415, Topsham, England.
Children of John Cole and Janet Cole:
William Cole B. 1439; D. 1489; M. ELIZABETH WESTON
Sir Simon Cole B. 1437; D.1497; M. 1462, ALICE LEURI
John owned property at Nythway, Devon, ENG.

GENERATION 16-B
WILLIAM COLE B. 1439, Slade, Devonshire, England; D 1489, Slade, Devonshire, England; M. ELIZABETH WESTON; B. 1455, Slade, Devonshire, England.
Children of William Cole and Elizabeth Cole:
John Cole B. 1468; D. ??; M. Mary Archdeacon
Thomas Cole B. ??
William owned property at Nythway, Devon, England

GENERATION 17
JOHN COLE B 1470 Slade, Devonshire, England D 1525 Slade, Devonshire, England M – 1489 Mary Archdeacon B. 1476 Devonshire, England D. 1564 Slade, Devonshire, England
Children of John Cole and Mary Cole;
Margaret Cole B 1490 Slade, Devon, England D 1571 Examouth, Devon, England
Thomas Cole B 1525 Slade, Devon, England D. 1571 Lincolnshire, England M. 1492 Elizabeth Hargraves.

GENERATION 18
THOMAS COLE B. 1525, Slade, Devonshire, England; D. abt. 1571, Lincolnshire, England. Buried in All Hallows Church in England; M 1520 ELIZABETH HARGRAVES, B. 1472, London, Middlesex, England D . 1549 London, Middlesex, England
Children of THOMAS COLE and ELIZABETH HARGRAVES:
William Cole B. 1520 D. 1600; m. (1) Anne Colles (2) Elizabeth Deards
Thomas Cole B. 1543 D 1563 Sir Emmanual Cole B. abt. 1545 D1575
Solomon Cole B. January 08, 1547; D. November 23, 1629, He was buried on 23 Nov 1629 in Lyss, Southampton; M. 1572, England, Mary Deering; B. abt.1547. Solomon owned property at Lyss, Southampton, England
Martha Cole B 1549 D 1566
Emmanuel Cole B 1546 M. Margaret INGRAM*

* [added by David Cole, see Source 2 and Source 7]

GENERATION 19
WILLIAM COLE B. 1520 London, Middlesex, England D 1599, London England Buried in St Mary’s Church in Lothbury, England M. (1) Ann Colles daughter of Michael Colles and Mary Graunt (2) Elizabeth Deards , Daughter of Nathaniel Deards
Children of WILLIAM COLE and ANN COLE;
William Cole B. 1546 London Middlesex, England D 1623, Tillingham, Essex, England
Children of WILLIAM and ELIZABETH COLE;
Humphrey Cole B. 1552 Tillingham, Essex, England D. 1624 Tillingham, Essex, England
M (1) 1597 Mary Mott (2) Hester
GENERATION 20 
HUMPHREY COLE B. 1552 Tillingham, Essex, England D 1624 Tillingham, Essex, England 
M 1597 Mary Mott B 1576 Tillingham, Essex, England
Children of HUMPHREY and MARY COLE;
William Cole B. 1598 Tillingham, Essex, England D 1669 St. Mary’s County, MD M. Sarah 
Martha Cole B. 1600 Tillingham, Essex, England
Thomas Cole B . 1603 Tillingham, Essex, England
Robert Cole B. 1604 Tillingham, Essex, England
Mary Cole B. 1605 Tillingham, Essex, England
Marriage (2) Hester 
Children of HUMPHREY and HESTER COLE;
Jane Cole B 1606
Additional Information;
He rendered full loyalty to Queen Elizabeth I. He was Vicar of the Tillingham Church in Essex. He became a strong leader, under the favoring policy of the Queen, who sought to restore the English Church in community respect. He was buried within the walls of the sanctuary which he had come to love. A stained glass window was installed in a sidechapel of the Tillingham Church as a lasting tribute, after his death. Both the window and an epitaph on his tomb testify to his faith and to his outstanding service. There is much written about Humphrey Cole, including an article about the Armilliary Sphere which is a navigational and surveying instrument , that he used to make and sell to generate extra income to support his family. One, which was signed by Humphrey Cole in 1582, is now in the Royal British Museum. Noted from: HUMPHREY COLE AND THE ARMILLIARY SPHERE (1582) Very interesting read

GENERATION 21
WILLIAM COLE B 1598 Tillingham, Essex, England D. 1692 Warwick, VA (1) M 1619 Francis B 1597 (?) (2) Sarah
Children of WILLIAM and FRANCIS COLE;
John Cole B 1635 D 1687 M Mary Agnes Archdeacon
Richard Cole B
Sarah Cole B M. Elias Beach
Susan Cole B M. Richard Benton
William Cole B 1638, Tillingham England D 1693 Warwick Co., VA

Additional Information;
William and Francis Cole were the first to immigrate to America. They are on the registrar on the ship “Neptune” which sailed from England in 1618 and landed in Virginia. The following is copied from The Adventures of Purse and Persons, Page 206. This is writings of the first settlers.
William Cole , eldest son of Humphrey Cole, "Clarke" of Tillingham, Essex, England, and his wife Hester, came to Virginia in the Neptune in 1618 and at the time of the muster, 1624/25, was living in Elizabeth City, aged 26, with his wife Francis (Frances), aged 27. Their neighbor was Alexander Mountney who had patented 100 acres in the Corporation of Elizabeth City, 20 Sept, 1624, lying "east upon William Cole". His own grant of 50 acres at Kecoughtan (Elizabeth City) is of record,1625.
William Cole represented Nutmeg Quarter in the House of Burgesses, 1629. This settlement, bordering the James River in that part of Elizabeth Ciuty which became Warwick River County, 1634, was a few miles southeast of "Bolthrope", purchased by William Cole, 1671, and the seat of the Cole family for almost one hundred years. William Cole had died by 15 Sept, 1664, for on 1Aug, 1665, a tract of 100 acres in Accomack County, formerly granted "to William Cole, dec'd., and lately found to escheat." was assigned to Richard Hinman, the patent to Hinman stating that Col. Miles Cary, Escheator General, deposed concerning the facts.
William Cole II (B1638) bought, 1671, the "Bolthrope" plantation' of 1350 acres7 lying on the Warwick River between "Denbigh," the Mathews plantation, and "Windmill Point," the seat of the Carys. In addition, on 20 April 1685 Cole acquired 1433 acres lying largely in Warwick County but partly in Elizabeth City, "commonly called Newport News according to the most ancient and lawful hounds."~ This was the major portion of a grant to the heirs of' Daniel Gookin, who had settled at Newport News, March 1621/2. It extended along the James River from its mouth approximately four miles.
William2 Cole was appointed to the Council, March 1674/5, and served until l692.~ He was one of the two members of that body delegated to confer with Nathaniel Bacon the Younger when his party of fusileers besieged the State House at Jamestown, 1676. Before the Councillors had time to come to an agreement with Bacon, however, Governor Berkeley, overcome by anger, intervened.'0 Subsequently the Governor was forced to flee from Jamestown and departed for the Eastern Shore in company with a number of his advisors, among them Col. Cole, who was de nounced by Bacon as one of Governor Berkeley's "evil advisers."
Col. William2 (~le was appointed by the Council Secretary of State, 22 oct. 1689, tlP()~ the death of Nicholas Spencer and the King's order of approval was issued 2 Jan. 1689/90." On 15 April 1692 e addressed a petition to the King asking to be relieved of oflice, ('otliplaining that "he is lately much decayed in his body" and of"a deepe Melancholly that hath Seized him." The Council on 23 June 1692 relieved him of his responsibilities as Secretary and as Collector for the Lower District off James River. He was named first after Governor Francis Nicholson as a trustee in the Charter of the College of William and Mary 8 Feb. l692/3.
He died 4 March 1693/4 in the 56th year of his age and was buried at "Bolthrope" where his tombstone. inscribed with the Cole arms, stated that he ~was unspotted on the bench, untaynted at the bar". He left a will, now lost, of which Dudley Digges was an executor.

Cole Patriots

In the freepages section of rootsweb within Ancestry.com, there is a very interesting webpage about the Ancient Coles. Source 26 is a weblink to the actual webpage (www) and to a copy of that webpage stored within this article. This article describes some of the more fanciful ancestors of Sir Richard Cole, Earle of the Isle of Wight in the time of Edward III., and the various branches of the family in possession of immense estates in Devon, Wiltshire, Cornwall, Somerset, Hampshire and Lincolnshire. So prominent were they in the battles to preserve England in those days that they have in their possession at the present time thirty crests and coats of arms with many titles.

Wikipedia tells us that Edward III of England lived from 13 Nov 1312 to 21 June 1377. He was king of England from 25 January 1327 until his death. So we could deduce that Sir Richard Cole probably was a contemporary of John de Tamer COLE (c1305-c1340) or his son John of Nythway COLE (c1331-c1380). But the author (Webmaster David KC Cole) feels that it is questionable if a Sir Richard Cole, Earle of the Isle of Wight ever existed. This is because The Herald and Genealogist, Volume 5 gives their rendition of the words of Segar by the following on page 94:

Upon the arms of Cole, Argent, a bull passant within a bordure sable bezantee, Segar makes this comment --

Richard Earle of Cornwall, King of the Romanes, created Earle of the Isle of Wight, bore a bordure of Cornwall about his coate. And it's conceived he gave the same bordure to this or one of the auncestors of this family of Cole, as an augmentation for services in the wars.

the peculiar augmentation fo the arms of the Coles of Enniskillen, a canton of the hard of Ireland, is stated (p. 45) to have been conferred on Sir William Cole (presently mentioned), and is blazoned (p.45) "in dexter canton per pale gules and azure, a harp of Ireland or, stringed argent."

The family was settled in Ireland early in the reign of James the First by William cole, whose name first occurs in that country as holding the office of Captain of the longboats and barges at Ballyshannon and Loiughearne by patent sealed in 1607. . . . .
The actual quotation from Segar's roll (Source 11) is as follows:

Richard Cole of the county of Devon liued in the tyme of H 3 as apperes by the charter (to the Monastery of Bromer or Bruarne) of Amice Reduers Countesse of Devon the relict of Baldwyn E. of Devon who 25 H.3 was at the Suite of Rich. E. of Cornwall King of the Romanes created Earle of the Isle of Wight which E. Rich. bare a Bordure of Cornwall about his Coate, being in a shild Argent a lyon rampant gules crowned, And . . . he gaue the same Bordure to this or one of the Auncestors of this family of Cole, as an Augmentacon for service in the warres. See the reason in Brooke York Herauld and Vincent Roug croix Pursuivant their Bookes of the Nobility pag. 155 and Camdens Britianiam Cornwall pag. 198. A. B.
In both of these quotations, it can be seen that the surname of Sir Richard, Earle of the Isle of Wight, was not mentioned. One might rightfully (or more probably wrongfully) presume that Sir Richard's surname is Cole. Wikipedia describes Henry III as being alive (1 Oct 1207-16 Nov 1272) and that he reigned from 1216 until his death.

DNA of Coles

Source 22 is the Family Tree DNA website. (Ancestry.com also has a DNA website.) For each cheekswab sample sent to Family Tree DNA, the DNA is analyzed and the Y chromosome is divided into Haploid groups. Mr Ron Johnson contacted me because he found his ancestors listed in the book: Coles Of Devon, by having his DNA analyzed. He had found some persons' names from that book in my tree named "davidcole3" at WorldConnect. Ron Johnson explained that one of his ancestors changed his surname from Cole to Johnson. His DNA is in group 13 which is Haplogroup R1b1a2a1a=P310,P311>R1b1a2a1a1=U106 which is haplogroup R-Z1. His sample is #200805 with Surname Cole but the sample actually came from Mr Ron Johnson. Mr Johnson claims that his oldest known paternal ancestor is William Cole(s), 1714-1786 (Dublin, Ireland).
Ron Johnson wrote the following email to the WebMaster: David Cole:

The descendancy in this db matches much of what is in the book [Coles of Devon that] you mentioned to me.
See John COLE (1348-1380) m Anne BODRUGAN (b:1347) in

John Cole at WorldConnect

then click on the menu item "Descendancy" to see many of the people in the book. This John Cole is approximately 9 generations older than Sir William Cole, the Provost of Fermanagh.

Ron Johnson told the author (David Cole) that he was able to contact the person who submitted Sample # 157188 (below). The donor of Sample # 157188 told Ron Johnson that one of his [of donor # 157188] ancestors was the John COLE (1348-1380) mentioned above. The great resemblance between these two samples is what makes Ron Johnson believe that John COLE (1348-1380) is a common ancestor. The author [David KC Cole] believes that new markers occur every 20 generations or so. Allowing 30 years per generation would result in a marker change every 600 years. There are only 2 samples in haplogroup R-Z1: 157188 and 200805 which can be found in group 13 (which can be found 80% of the way down among the current Cole DNA samples as of 2015). The only measured markers that currently differ in haplogroup R-Z1 are two markers which both appear only when more than 60 markers are analyzed:
Sample # surname    DYS459      DYS520
157188 Cole          9-10         20
200805 Johnson       9-9          19
The WebMaster [David KC Cole] has not yet sent a DNA sample to be analyzed. The cost of a DNA analysis is approximately $150. The cost varies with the number of markers that you wish to be analyzed. People often pay to get 25 markers analyzed. Sample 157188 has listed its oldest known paternal ancestor to be Soloman Cole (1784-1860) who was born in Maryland (MD) and died in Iowa (IA). An identical person can be found at the FamilySearch website as ID # 27WC-6JS , married to Sarah Remy or Ramey (1797-1863) with a father named Robert Cole. Apparently this information was entered by a FamilySearch user named julieanncoates1 with an email address of bobnjulie_at_juno.com . Much more information about this Soloman Cole is available at Source 32.

Images of Pages

External Reference Source 1 below links to a PDF file containing images of the original pages of the book "The Genealogy of the Family of Cole". These pages are very readable by the human eye. But after their digitization via OCR, many words were improperly converted to text. For example, examine the words "Richard Fox" on line 2 of paragraph 2 of page 2. If you highlight these words and right click your mouse, the PDF reader may show you the original erroneous digitized version which is "Eichard Fox". Such errors make text searches very imprecise and often wrong. For this reason, I editted the original digitized version and created the text-readable version in RTF format in External Reference Source 2 below. Notice that the same two words appear correctly as "Richard Fox" in both the PDF and RTF versions of my editted work.

External References (Sources)

(where possible, www is a weblink to the original source; the second weblink leads to a copy of the information that I have preserved.) The webmaster makes copies of webpages, as well as a weblink to the original source because so much information gets lost on the web after one or more years because a website dies or because subpages are moved and the original weblink no longer exists even if web indices such as Google list them.

Source 1:www The Genealogy of the Family of Cole... by James Edwin-Cole (1835-1920) Date Published: 1867
Source 2:www The Gen.. Family of Cole...(digitized & Edited) by David KC Cole Date: 2014
Source 3:www The Gen.. Family of Cole...(digitized & Edited) by David KC Cole Date: 2014
Source 4:www Extinct Peerage by Sir Bernard Bourke Date: 1866
Source 5:www The Peerage of Ireland by John Lodge, Date: 1789
Source 6:www British Family Antiquity-the Peerage of England (Volume 1 of 9) by William Playfair, Date: 1809
Source 7:www Genealogy or pedigree of the .... Sir William Cole... written in 1630 by Segar, William, Sir, -1633
Source 8:www Katheren Warnett in ColesOfDevon Family Tree at WorldConnect
Source 9:www Visitation of the County of Devon: COLE by susistan@hotmail
Source 10:www Simond COLE in ColesOfDevon at WorldConnect
Source 11:www Coat of Arms of Simond COLE from Segar's Book: Sir William COLE of Enniskellen
Source 12:www The 1641 Rising . . William Cole, Provost written before 2015 by Iain Macauley
Source 13:www The Royal Schools of Ulster . . William Cole, Provost written before 2015 by Iain Macauley
Source 14:www Cole Family Lineage (on Facebook) Author is unknown but data resembles Source 7
Source 15:www Cole, William (d.1653) Author: Thomas Finlayson Henderson
Source 16:www Cole, William (d.1653) Author: Thomas Finlayson Henderson
Source 17:www The history of Enniskillen by William Copeland Trimble, Date: 1919
Source 18:www The history of Enniskillen(non-www is Chapter X) by William Copeland Trimble, Date: 1919
Source 19:www PRONI Intro: Enniskillen Paperspp10 Sir William Cole(1575?-1653) repository:Cole of Florence archives
Source 20:www Coles of Devon Gedcomby WebMaster David Cole (David_at_ColeCanada.com)
Source 21:www WorldConnect: ColesOfDevon by WebMaster David Cole David_at_ColeCanada.com)
Source 22:www DNA for William Cole(s) (1714-1786) by Unknown Johnson (His grandfather changed his name from Cole to Johnson)
Source 23:www Cole Family Lineage Published on Facebook as of 2015 J Oct 15
Source 24:www Lord Belmont in Northern Ireland by Timothy William Belmont as of 2015 J Oct 15
Source 25:www The Origins of McCaffrey (chronologically) by Donal McCaffrey as of 2015 J Oct 15
Source 26:www From Chapter 1 of The Descendants of James Cole of Plymouth Massachusetts 1633 by Ernest Byron Cole, Published by The Grafton press, New York, published 1908 as of 2015 J Oct 15
Source 27:www List of References cited by bunce as of 2015 J Oct 15
Source 28:www Descendants of Robert Cole cited by bunce as of 2015 J Oct 15
Source 29:www Book:1641 Depostions and the Irish Rebellion (partial) by Eamon Darcy et al as of 2015 J Oct 15
Source 30:www Brief History of Fermanagh by David KC Cole as of 2015 J Oct 21
Source 31:www Biography of James Edwin Cole (1835-1920) by David KC Cole as of 2015 J Oct 22
Source 32:www FamilyTreeCircles: Soloman Cole (1784-1860) by John Tucson as of 2015 J Oct 22


WebMaster: Thou Old King Cole

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Date Written: 2015 J Oct 12

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