Book: Cole connected to Domesday Book (70.html)

..Intro to Domesday..
..Intro to Domesday..

Excerpt 1 p 398 from Ref # 1

		Colsuen, Linc. 336 b.^4 Clam. in Chetst. 377 b.
		4 " Colsuen habet in Lincolia civitate IIII. toftes de terra
		Cole nepotis sui, et extra civitatem habet XXXVI. domos et
		II. aecclesias in quibus nichile adjacet, quas hospitavit in
		wasta terra quam Rex sibi dedit, et quae nunquam ante
		hospitata fuit. Modo habet rex omnes consuetudines de eis."
		To English by Google:
		4 "Colsuen has in Lincoln City 4 of this parched land
		Cole, to his grandson, and has 36 houses, and out of the city
		2 churches in which nothing is present, which is in hospitavit
		the land that I gave to himself the King of Wasta, and the things 
		that had ever before been was lodged. Now have is the king of 
		all the customs connected with them. "

Excerpt 2 p 504 from Ref # 1

		Walterius, Hants, 50.^1
		1 " Modo tenet eam (terram) Walterius in vadium de filio
		    Cole de Basinge."
		To English by Google:
		1 "Now holds it (the earth), the son of Walter in the bail 
		   out Cole de Basing"

Excerpt 3 p 31 from Ref # 2

		The 'hida' or 'carucata' was therefore (when used to express
		the geldable unit) a librate, or one pound's worth of land--
		that is, 120 acres at twopence, where the sole right belonged
		to the owner, or, where the fallow was 'wara' and all had
		liberty to common on it when fallow, then 240 acres at one
		penny per acre.  There are repeated instances of this in old 
		MSS.: for instance in the Survey of Littleberi in Essex, in
		Add. MSS.No 6165 of the British Museum.
		   But of course the question arises, How does that tally with
		the case of Harduic and its taxation at one-fifth
		of a penny? It arises in this way.  A libra or pound of silver
		may be divided in two ways--either according to the divisions
		shown in Troy weight, or those shown in Apothecaries' weight.
		He must now ask them to carry their minds back to the time
		when the Anglo-Saxon and other tribes arrived in England.
		They would find the arable land in open fields and in acre
		strips, so well described by Mr. F. Seebohm in his 'Village
		   The Anglo-Saxons appear to have divided their libra like,
		and perhaps by adoption from, the Romans; their scilling was
		of four peninga, and seventy-two went to their pound of silver;
		consequently one and one-fifth peninga would equal one
		denarius of a a people dividing the libra according to the 
		division of Troy weight, when sixty shillings would go to the

Excerpt 3 p 10 from Ref # 3

Domesday: Derbyshire page III
Domesday: Derbyshire page III

Excerpt 4 p 14 from Ref # 4

Deed from Wm the Conqueror naming Cole in 1070
Deed from Wm the Conqueror naming Cole in 1070
See Reference 5 by Seegar which is mentioned above
See Reference 6 by James Edwin Cole which is an updated version of Reference 5

Excerpt 5 p 1 from Ref # 6

Reference to Deed from Wm the Conqueror naming Cole in 1070
Reference to Deed from Wm the Conqueror naming Cole in 1070

Excerpt 6 p 199 from Ref # 7


1 From a privately printed publication (1870) containing the genealogy of the Coles of Enniskillen, (compiled in 1630 by Sir William Segar) County Firmanagh, Ireland, it is shown that Sir William Cole, Captain of the Castle of Enniskillen, was lineally descended from the Coles of Devon and Cornwall. This pedigree states that Emmanuel Cole, father of Sir William Cole, living in 1630, was brother of William Cole, of London, who was son and heir of Thomas Cole of London. This William Cole married Ann (died 1598) eldest daughter of Michael Colles, of Bradwell, County Bucks, and had issue with other children William Cole, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Nathaniel Deards of London, and they had issue Arthur, William, Michael, Humphrey, Nathaniel, Thomas and Robert.

From Withington’s “Virginia Gleanings in England,” in Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, XIX, p. I89, Humphrie Cole, of Tillingham, Essex, clerk, made his will which was proved May 17, 1624, and mentions sons Robert, student of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, William, Thomas and John, and wife Hester. “Item I give unto William Cole now in Virginia, if he be living, my three acres of freehold in Tillingham and two acres of copperhold land called Finches, and doth belong unto his brother Cole. If William Cole is not living, then to a second son Thomas Cole, &c.” Foster’s Alumni Oxoniensis gives Robert Cole created B. D., November, 1642, perhaps Rector of Great Oakley, Essex, 1628, and of Little Oakley 1629. All this seems to show that William Cole of Nutmeg Quarter in Warwick County, Virginia, born 1599, and burgess in 1629, was a son of Rev. Humphrey Cole, of Tillingham, County Essex, clerk; and, as has been stated, it is probable that he was father of William Cole, who was member of the Virginia Council. On the other hand, it is probable that Rev. Humphrey Cole, of Tillingham, Essex, was identical with Humphrey Cole, son of William Cole, of London, and Elizabeth Deards his wife.

James Cole, of Fluvanna County, married Fanny Chisman Wills, daughter of Elias Wills. His daughter, Ann Wills, married Robert Greenhow, of Williamsburg. Elias Wills, died, in 1805, a very old man. Robert Greenhow's daughter, Polly, married the historian, Hugh L. Girardin, according to a letter of Robert Greenhow to Dr. John Wills. Elias Wills was doubtless a grandson of Elias Wills, of Warwick County, and Mary Condon, his wife.

The York County records show that Lt. Col. John Scasbrook had wife Mary Martian, living at the time of the will of her father (1657) Captain Nicholas Martian. He afterwards married Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Mrs. Elizabeth Bushrod, who was the widow of Thomas Bushrod, of “Essex Lodge,” York County, Va., though her children appear to have been by another marriage. Bushrod also had a previous wife, Mary, widow of Captain Thomas Hill. This Mary was dead in 1661. Mrs. Elizabeth Bushrod was also mother of a heroine of Bacon’s Rebellion, Lydia Chisman (born 1648, died March 16, 1694—1695), widow of Major Edmund Chisman, and wife after his death of Thomas Harwood, who died in 1700. By his first marriage with Mary Martian, Lt. Col. John Scasbrook had, at the time of his death, in 1679, (1) Jane, who was married to John Duke, and, soon after the making of the will, to Captain Thomas Mountford; (2) Elizabeth, who was married to David Condon. He had also by his wife Elizabeth four children all under age at the making of his will; (3) Martha, who married Major William Cary, of Warwick, before 1683; (4) Hannah, who about 1692 married Captain Miles Wills, of Warwick, son of Emmanuel Wills and Elizabeth Cary his wife, of Bristol, England; (5) Mary; (6) John, born March 27, 1676, who appears to have been Captain of a Merchant vessel. He married Elizabeth. He was probably father of Col. Henry Scasbrook, of Warwick County (born 1700, died April, 1773—Virginia Gazette). Martha, wife of Col. Henry Scasbrook, died in 1776, aged fifty-eight years.

In 1701, Elias Wills, of Mulberry Island Parish, Warwick County, was mentioned in a deed, recorded in York County, as husband of Mary, “daughter and heire" of her deceased mother, Elizabeth Condon, who was “eldest daughter of John Scasbrook.” Captain Miles Wills and Hannah Scasbrook, his wife, were parents, it is believed, of John Wills, of Isle of Wight County, father of Gen. John Scasbrook Wills of the American Revolution, who died in 1794.

Excerpt 7 from 199 from Ref # 7


Descendancy of the Cole Family

0 Thomas Cole of London
  x Elizabeth Hargrave [Ref 8 Source:WC DB:colesofdevon] 
    1 Emmanuel Cole
      x Margaret Ingram  [Ref 8 Source:WC DB:colesofdevon]
        2 Sir William Cole of Enniskillen
          x Catherine Parsons  [Ref 8 Source:WC DB:colesofdevon]
            3 ......
    1 William Cole (heir) (b.c1565-16 Feb 1600) of London 
      x Ann (d.1598)  dau of Michael Colles, of Bradwell, County Bucks,
        2 William Cole (b.c1587)
          x Elizabeth dau of Nathaniel Deards of London
            3. Arthur
            3. William James Cole b28 Jul 1570
            3. Michael
            3. Rev. Humphrey Cole (d.May 17,1624) of Tillingham, Essex
               x1 Mary Mott (b.1578)  [m. before 1598] [Ref 9 Source:WC DB:wcolethruezek]
                 4. Robert (b.before 4 Nov 1623) student of Emmanuel College, Cambridge
                 4. William Cole (b.1598 in Essex, England) of Nutmeg Quarter, Warwick County, Virginia, b.1599
                 4. Thomas b.c1606
                 4. John
                 4. child
                 4. child

               x2 Hester [m. before Nov 4 1623 She is not the mother of the children below]
            3. Nathaniel Cole b.c1620
            3. Thomas
            3. Robert
NB Ref #9 (WC DB=colesofdevon) was derived from the data in Ref #8
Source: Ref #6, #8 and #9


Excerpt 8 p 34 from Ref # 10

List of Cole/Coles in the Livery Business in 1796 in London, England

Cole, John          leather-seller      Fore-street
Cole, Thomas        haberdasher         Kennington-green
Cole, Charles       grocer              Old Change
Cole, John          founder             St.-John-street
Cole, William       leather-seller      Bank
Cole, James         butcher             Crooked-lane
Cole, William       founder             Basinghall-street
Cole, William       plasterer           Buckle-street
Cole, Thomas        brewer              Kennington-green
Cole, Charles       ditto               Maid-lane, Southwark
Cole, Benjamin      merchant-tailor     Croydon
Cole, James         girdler             Green's Row, Chelsea
Cole, Joseph        painter-stainer     Loman's Pond
Coles, William      leather-seller      Shoe-lane
Coles, William      blacksmith          Petticoat-lane
Coles, James        butcher             Crooked-lane
Coles, John         leather-seller      West Smithfield
Coles, Thomas       wheelwright         Lawrence-Pountney-lane
Coles, Charles      stationer           Fleet-street
Coles, Walter       goldsmith           Carey-lane

List of References

RefDateReviewBook TitleAuthor
11839NoA General Introduction to Domesday BookSir Henry Ellis
21888NoDomesday Studies: On the Study of the Domesday Book (S. Moore)O.C. Pell
31862NoDomesday Book Vol 7 Derbyshire (original in Latin)Ordenance Survey Office
41920NoCole: 200-1920Juliette Arden
51630No Genealogies and Pedigree of Sir Wm Cole of Enniskillen...Sir Wm Segar and W Penson
61867No Genealogy of the Family of Cole of the County of Devon (RevisJames Edwin Cole
71915NoWilliam and Mary College Quarterly Historical MagazineSir Henry Ellis
101796No A List of the Livery of London (pp178)H. L. Galabin

Source: A General Introduction to Domesday Book (1839)by Sir Henry Ellis
WebMaster: David Cole

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Date: 2015 C Mar 26